Course with no name

2018-2019

Course Objective

The main goal of this course is to develop deep insight and
understanding of the processes of subduction, mantle flow and overriding
plate deformation and, more generally, to gain knowledge and
understanding of geodynamics, geodynamic modelling and plate tectonics.
The mutual dependence and interrelatedness of different aspects of
subduction will be demonstrated, including subduction zone geology,
subduction zone kinematics, subduction zone geometry, subduction zone
dynamics and subduction-induced mantle flow. This provides the student
with an integrated view of subduction zone processes, mantle flow and
overriding plate deformation. The integrated view is further
substantiated through both global and local approaches, and both
process-oriented and phenomenological approaches.
The students will develop skills: (1) To quantify plate velocities and
plate boundary velocities on a sphere; (2) To identify and quantify
driving and resistive forces in subduction systems; (3) To evaluate and
quantify overriding plate deformation rates at subduction zones; (4) To
apply simple equations from fluid dynamics to geodynamic and geological
problems; (5) To critically assess and discuss the relevant scientific
literature,
including geodynamic modelling results, presented in such papers.

Course Content

This course will provide you with an overview of the geodynamics and
tectonics of subduction zones, which are located at convergent plate
boundaries on Earth, and more generally of plate tectonic processes and
mantle flow. Key aspects of subduction zones are discussed from a
geological, kinematic, geometric and geodynamic viewpoint, as well as in
the context of the global set of active subduction zones on Earth and
case studies of natural examples.
Specific topics of the course are:
1. Subduction zone geology
2. Subduction zone kinematics, plate kinematics
3. Subduction zone geometry
4. Subduction zone dynamics
5. Overriding plate deformation during subduction
6. Geodynamic modelling (analogue, numerical)
7. Geodynamic modelling (Stokes flow)
8. Geodynamic modelling (scaling, boundary conditions)
9. Subduction zone initiation
10. Subduction zone termination (collision, obduction, slab detachment)
11. Unusual subduction (ridge/plateau subduction, flat slab subduction,
continental subduction)

Teaching Methods

Lectures (11 x 2 hours) and practicals (11 x 2 hours), one day of oral
presentations (8 hours).

Method of Assessment

Practical exercises (63%), written paper review (12%), oral presentation
(25%).

Entry Requirements

BSc Geology

Literature

The course is mostly based on published scientific literature in the
fields of Geodynamics, Tectonics, Geophysics and Geology.

Target Audience

1st year MSc students in Solid Earth Sciences.

Recommended background knowledge

Geodynamics, Tectonics, Structural Geology and Geophysics courses at BSc
level.

General Information

Course Code AM_1173
Credits 6 EC
Period P5
Course Level 400
Language of Tuition English
Faculty Faculty of Science
Course Coordinator prof. dr. W.P. Schellart
Examiner prof. dr. W.P. Schellart
Teaching Staff

Practical Information

You need to register for this course yourself

Last-minute registration is available for this course.

Teaching Methods Seminar
Target audiences

This course is also available as: