Human Anatomy and Physiology


Course Objective

The aim of this course is to acquire basic knowledge in the field of
the anatomy (construction) and physiology (function) of different
organ systems in the human body. The construction and function of the
system, respiratory system and kidney are central themes in this course.

After the course the student is able to:
• recognize different organ systems of the human body
• to designate the construction of the various organ
systems at various levels: tissue (histology), organs and organ
• comprehend the function of the different parts within
various organ systems
• describe the mechanism of action of the various organs
also by means of mathematical modeling
• comprehend the role of anatomy and physiology of
various organs for body function during health and disease
• associate and motivate pathophysiological problems and
anatomical abnormalities with basic cellular and biochemical processes
• make use of the anatomical nomenclature
In addition, it contributes to the learning objectives within the theme
"scientific thinking and research".

Course Content

During the course the student is made familiar with the anatomical and
physiological terminology, which is used in the daily practice in the
clinic. During the 'cutting room' practicals, human preparation are used
to study the construction and topography of various components (organs
and tissues) of the body. The aim of the physiology practicals is to
provide the student insight into non-invasive techniques he / she can
use to investigate ( patho-) physiological processes in humans,
including cardiovascular, respiratory and renal diseases). In addition,
work-group sessions are organized to translate the (patho-)
physiological processes to function or dysfunction of the human body, by
studying patient cases.
The cardiovascular, respiratory and renal system play an important role
in maintaining the environment within the human body, especially during
exercise. Exercise is of key importance to regulate the homeostasis of
all systems in both healthy and sick people.
The heart and blood circulation module discusses the anatomy of the
heart and blood vessels, heart function, the regulation of the blood
The respiration and exercise module involves the development and anatomy
of the respiratory organs, how respiration takes place, and the supply
of oxygen throughout the body. Furthermore, it is discussed how aerobic
endurance affects respiration.
Finally, within the kidney and homeostasis module, the construction,
function and the importance of the kidney for ion management and the
maintenance of the 'environmental interior' are highlighted (also by
applying mathmatical modeling).
1 Heart and circulation (blood pressure regulation)
2 Lungs and exercise (breathing)
3 Kidney and volume regulation ((ion) homeostasis)
4 Integration

Teaching Methods

30 hours lectures
8 hours workgroup meetings
8 hours practical course in cutting room
8 hours practical course physiology

NOTE: presence at workgroup meetings and practical course is OBLIGATED

Method of Assessment

Practical course: pre-exam accomplished
Tasks workgroup meetings (20%)
Final written exam (80%)

Note: all tests should have a score of at least 5,5/accomplished.


- Martini, Nath&Bartolomew: Fundamentals of Anatomy and Physiology
9e druk (2012) of 10e druk (2015); Pearson - Benjamin Cummings; ISBN nr:
09780321761033 (9th)
- Syllabus (werkgroepen en practica)

Target Audience

This course is obligated for students Biomedical Sciences (BMW), second

Additional Information

Prof. Dr. B. Brundel (coord)
Drs. F. Buma (coord)
Dr. D. Kuster
Dr. W.J. van der Laarse
Dr. W.S. Simonides
Dr. P. Koolwijk

General Information

Course Code AB_1197
Credits 6 EC
Period P1
Course Level 200
Language of Tuition English
Faculty Faculty of Science
Course Coordinator prof. dr. B.J.J.M. Brundel
Examiner prof. dr. B.J.J.M. Brundel
Teaching Staff dr. R.J.P. Musters
dr. P. Koolwijk
dr. Y.D. van der Werf
prof. O.A. van den Heuvel
prof. dr. C.A.C. Ottenheijm
dr. D.W.D. Kuster
C. Vriend
F.E. Buma

Practical Information

You need to register for this course yourself

Last-minute registration is available for this course.

Teaching Methods Lecture, Study Group, Practical
Target audiences

This course is also available as: