Public Economics

2019-2020
Dit vak wordt in het Engels aangeboden. Omschrijvingen kunnen daardoor mogelijk alleen in het Engels worden weergegeven.

Doel vak

This course has two central goals. It elaborates on the fundamental
economic principles that were discussed in the first and second year
(Introduction to Economics I and II and Environmental and Transport
Economics). The focus is on the microeconomic principles that can
economically legitimize governments to intervene and that are needed to
understand the behavior of the government as an actor in the economic
process. Ample attention will be given to issues in the area of
sustainable development, infrastructure policies, the functioning of
(regional) labor markets
and spatial planning. Furthermore, the course provides insights in the
way in which fundamental theoretical and empirical economic results can
be used in day to day policy making.

The attainment goals of this course are:
• You have a good understanding of situations in which markets can
yield economically optimal outcomes and those in which markets can fail.
• You know the core tasks of the government and you know under
which conditions there is a role for the government to correct market
failures. You are also aware of the reasons behind government failure.
• You know the policy instruments that the government has at their
disposal to influence the outcome of market processes and you are
familiar with the pros and cons of the various instruments.
• You are familiar with the concept of fiscal federalism and can
use it to determine what the optimal spatial level of policy making is.
• You know the key building blocks of (social) cost-benefit
analysis and you can provide a high-quality evaluation of existing cost-
benefit analyses using standards for good practice.
• You know the valuation techniques used by economists to perform a
cost-benefit analysis.
• You know the alternatives for cost-benefit analysis to evaluate
policies such as multi-criteria analysis and cost effectiveness analysis
and you are aware of the pros and cons of such alternative tools.

Inhoud vak

The free market does not always deliver socially optimal outcomes. In
such situations where markets fail, there is a potential role for
government intervention. At the same time, government intervention can
also have (sometimes unintended) side effects. In this course, the many
aspects of government intervention in the economic process including its
logic and legitimacy are discussed. Topics that are central are: (i) the
role for the government in the economic process, (ii) externalities,
(iii) public goods, (iv) labor markets and income distribution
(interpersonal and interregional), (v) optimal taxation, (vi) fiscal
federalism and subsidiarity and (vii) location choice of firms and
people. Much attention will be devoted to methods for policy evaluation,
with special emphasis on cost-benefit analysis.

Onderwijsvorm

There will be two regular lectures (of two hours each) per week in which
the course material is discussed in an interactive way. Furthermore,
there is one tutorial per week (also two hours) in which assignments are
discussed and students give presentations.

Toetsvorm

Written exam with open questions (60%) to be completed with a minimum
score of 5.0. Presentation on topic of own choice (related to the
course) and weekly assignments (40%).

Literatuur

Varian, Intermediate Microeconomics, Norton (8th edition), chapters 14,
33, 34 and 36.

Hindriks and Myles (2006), Intermediate Public Economics, MIT Press,
Cambridge, MA.

Eijgenraam et al., Evaluation of Infrastructural Projects: Guide for
Cost-Benefit Analysis. Section I: Main Report (in Dutch: Evaluatie van
grote infrastructuurprojecten, deel I ("leidraad OEI")).

Information on additional literature (papers) will be announced at the
start of the course.

Doelgroep

Third year bachelor students (following a minor in Economics or Earth
and Economics).

Aanbevolen voorkennis

Inleiding Economie I (year 1), Inleiding Economie II (year 1) and
Environmental and Transport Economics (year 2)

Algemene informatie

Vakcode AB_1100
Studiepunten 6 EC
Periode P1
Vakniveau 300
Onderwijstaal Engels
Faculteit Faculteit der Bètawetenschappen
Vakcoördinator prof. dr. H.L.F. de Groot
Examinator prof. dr. H.L.F. de Groot
Docenten dr. S. Poelhekke
prof. dr. C.C. Koopmans
prof. dr. H.L.F. de Groot

Praktische informatie

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