Middeleeuwse wijsbegeerte

2018-2019
Dit vak wordt in het Engels aangeboden. Omschrijvingen kunnen daardoor mogelijk alleen in het Engels worden weergegeven.

Doel vak

Students who complete the course should have acquired a fundamental
knowledge of the main philosophical theories elaborated by Augustine,
Boethius and the most important medieval thinkers (including Anselm,
Peter Abelard, Avicenna, Averroes, Albertus Magnus, Thomas Aquinas, Duns
Scotus, William of Ockham).
They should also have gained a general understanding of the main issues
of medieval philosophy.
To be more precise, the students who follow the course should have
acquired a thorough knowledge of the themes we discuss philosophically,
the philosophers who wrote about them and the place of those
philosophers in the historical development of philosophy. The focus of
the course will be metaphysics, but some attention will be devoted also
to the other aspects of medieval philosophy (e.g. ethics, theory of
knowledge).
They should also have attained a general understanding of the most
important conceptual issues related to the history of medieval
philosophy.

Inhoud vak

The course is divided into two parts.
The first part is mostly (but not exclusively) prepared independently by
the students themselves and deals with the history of philosophy
(nevertheless aspects of some key figures will be discussed in class).
A monograph and the indication of study material for this part (see the
bibliography below) is available on Canvas.
The second part focuses more specifically on a philosophical text (or
texts) and includes reading selected passages and/ or an entire text,
discussed in class (if necessary, in working groups).
In other words, each class (or unit) will deal with a particular aspect
and/or a particular author of the medieval philosophical tradition (see
Canvas), including the meaning of some fundamental issues of
philosophical terminology (see ‘Terms’ on Canvas) and the reading (and
discussion) of a text.
The text(s) will be made available to the students at the appropriate
time via Canvas.

Onderwijsvorm

Lectures, discussion, reading of primary texts

Toetsvorm

Oral and written assignments during the course, written final exam.

Vereiste voorkennis

No previous knowledge is obligatory but a general knowledge of the
history of ancient philosophy (Pre-Socratic philosophy, Plato, Aristotle
and Neo-Platonism in particular) is certainly an advantage for those who
are about to attend this course.
Therefore, it is suggested that students attend this course after
attending the course on the History of Ancient Philosophy.

Literatuur

Via canvas

Overige informatie

This introductory course presents a history of the philosophy that
scholars call ‘medieval’ (comprehending roughly 1000 years, depending on
where one decides to set the limits). Medieval philosophy is generally
thought to have developed on the basis of Ancient Greek philosophy as it
appeared in the Latin West and in Latin in a period extending from 300
to 1300 or, according to another classification, 500 (476) to 1492.
Important influences were exerted by other philosophical traditions
(Arabic, Jewish, and Byzantine).
An essential aspect of medieval philosophy is reflection on God and
theological questions related to the Christian faith.
The main sources of medieval authors were Aristotle, Plato and certain
Neoplatonic texts. Then there is a great watershed: until the 12th
century only some logical works of Aristotle and a few Platonic
dialogues were known. But in the 12th century, the physical and
metaphysical works of Aristotle were translated (from Greek into Latin
and from Arabic into Latin), along with a number of Arabic
interpretations of Greek texts. The work of assimilation and elaboration
continued till the 13th century, which was a crucially important period:
the influence of authors who wrote in Arabic, such as Avicenna and
Averroes, was enormous; universities were founded, commentaries and
philosophical dissertations about those Arabic interpretations were
written, censorship and convictions were revealed.
The 12th century had sown the seeds of a new philosophical era.

Aanbevolen voorkennis

A general knowledge of the history of ancient philosophy (Pre-Socratic
philosophy, Plato, Aristotle and Neo-Platonism in particular) is
certainly an advantage for those who are about to attend this course.
Therefore, it is suggested that students attend this course after
attending the course on the History of Ancient Philosophy.

Algemene informatie

Vakcode W_BA_MED
Studiepunten 6 EC
Periode P2
Vakniveau 200
Onderwijstaal Engels
Faculteit Faculteit der Geesteswetenschappen
Vakcoördinator dr. O.L. Lizzini
Examinator dr. O.L. Lizzini
Docenten dr. O.L. Lizzini

Praktische informatie

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