Business Mathematics

Dit vak wordt in het Engels aangeboden. Omschrijvingen kunnen daardoor mogelijk alleen in het Engels worden weergegeven.

Doel vak

Academic Skills (three As)
After successfully completing this course, the student:
• can perform key mathematical operations.
Research Skills
After successfully completing this course, the student:
• can solve real-world problems by using mathematical techniques.

KNOWLEDGE: Demonstrates theoretical and empirical knowledge concerning
the relevant areas in international business administration
After successfully completing this course, the student:
• can select and apply the right mathematical technique, specifically:
• properly use mathematical notation (both passively and actively);
• use the summation operator and product operator;
• calculate and interpret descriptive statistics (mean, variance,
covariance, correlation);
• work with the elementary principles of probability theory (random
variables, probability, distribution function, expectation, variance);
• differentiate functions of one or more variables;
• visualize implicit functions through level curves and differentiate
such functions;
• integrate simple functions;
• determine when you need derivatives and integrals;
• use vectors and matrices;
• calculate from a function the elasticity;
• find extreme values of functions of one or two variables;
• find extreme values of functions of one or two variables under a
constraint, using the Lagrange method;
• apply operations (transpose, inner product) on vectors and matrices;
• use and calculate the inverse of a matrix;
• solve systems of linear equations;
• formulate a linear programming problem;
• type formulas in Microsoft Word;
• use Microsoft Excel, including the Solver add-in, for modelling
mathematical problems.

APPLICATION: Can propose a solution to an international real-life
business problem by applying relevant theories and methodologies.
After successfully completing this course, the student:
• can read and write texts in which mathematics occurs;
• Can use standard software for solving mathematical problems.

Inhoud vak

Mathematics is a challenging, but highly relevant topic for any
international business student. Doing business for sure means having a
vision, but it also means having the numbers right. You can’t develop a
sound business plan without understanding and using mathematics, and you
need mathematics in order to plan your stocks and trucks. In the
business literature, we see many mathematical models, for scheduling,
finance, and investments. Using such models requires a basic
understanding of mathematical principles related to multi-variable
calculus, optimization, and expectation. Further, today’s simple
calculations require basic skills in setting up and handling
spreadsheets and typesetting formulas. This course therefore also
addresses such general skills.
Moreover, mathematics is more than just calculations and numbers, it is
language. A language that is essential to understand if you want to
develop and acquire an analytical way of thinking that is not only at
the core of any academic, but also the successful business professional.
It is a first step on the path of understanding the power of
quantitative and mathematical approaches to problems you will face as an
international business student.




- Interim exams (entry exam, digital exams) – individual assessment
- Final, written exam – individual assessment
- Mandatory attendance and participation evaluation of tutorials –
individual assessment

Vereiste voorkennis



Sydsæter, Knut, Peter Hammond, and Arne Strøm (2016), Essential
Mathematics for Economic Analysis, fifth Edition, Pearson Education
Additional documents via Canvas.

Overige informatie

This course needs to be succesfully completed in order to obtain a
positive Binding Study Recommendation on Continuation of Studies
Recommendation (‘BSA’) in year 1.
You will work with the software packages Word (including the equation
editor) and Excel (including the Solver add-in). These programs are
available on computers at the VU campus. You may wish to purchases a
cheap license for home use at At the
intermediate tests we use the English language versions for Windows.

Afwijkende intekenprocedure

For this course, a different registration procedure is applicable. You don't need to register for this course; the School will do that.

Aanbevolen voorkennis

Active command of mathematics at high school level. It can be helpful to
refresh your skills in advance. The VU offers an online summer school
for this (see

Algemene informatie

Vakcode E_IBA1_BUSM
Studiepunten 6 EC
Periode P1
Vakniveau 100
Onderwijstaal Engels
Faculteit School of Business and Economics
Vakcoördinator dr. R. Heijungs
Examinator dr. R. Heijungs
Docenten dr. I.D. Lindner
mr. M.H.C. Nientker
dr. P. Gorgi
D. Frascaria

Praktische informatie

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