Tutorial Archaeology and GIS

2018-2019
Dit vak wordt in het Engels aangeboden. Omschrijvingen kunnen daardoor mogelijk alleen in het Engels worden weergegeven.

Doel vak

In this tutorial, students will learn to apply GIS to archaeological
research questions. After finishing this course, the students will:
- have acquired knowledge about the potential and limitations of GIS as
a research tool in archaeology;
- have acquired knowledge about the technical aspects of using GIS,
including database management, cartography and spatial and statistical
analysis;
- be able to use GIS and related software in order to solve
archaeological research questions;
- be able to develop and apply a GIS analysis for a theme of interest;
- be able to evaluate and present the results of a GIS analysis.

Inhoud vak

In order to achieve the learning goals, the tutorial is split in three
parts. In the first part, students will follow online lectures to get
acquainted with the general concepts of GIS, its position in
archaeological research, and the technical basis of GIS and related
techniques such as database management and statistics. Particular
attention will be paid to the five themes defined for this tutorial:
predictive modelling, LiDAR, viewshed analysis, least-cost path analysis
and quantifying survey.

Following this introduction, the students will take a self-paced
introductory course in ArcGIS, in order to understand and practice the
basic functionality of this software package. After completing this
course, they will then work on individual assignments, selected from the
five themes defined. In these assignments, they will perform a GIS
analysis on practice data sets, and report on the results in writing.

The available assignments are the following:
1) Predicting the past: predictive modelling of settlement patterns.
In this assignment you will learn how to predict the occurrence of
archaeological sites in the landscape, departing from archaeological
site inventories and environmental data sets such as digital elevation
models, soil maps and palaeogeographical reconstructions. You will learn
how to set up a predictive modelling protocol, how to use GIS and
statistical analysis for the modelling, and how to interpret the
outcomes.
2) Modelling ancient transport and communication patterns.
In this assignment you will learn how to model and better understand
patterns of transport and communication in the past. You will use
archaeological site inventories and environmental data sets such as
digital elevation models, soil maps and palaeogeographical
reconstructions, and learn how to use least-cost path analysis and
social network analysis tools for this.
3) Vision and archaeological landscapes: modelling visibility and its
relation to site location.
In this assignment you will learn how to model and better understand the
role of visibility in the placement of archaeological sites, such as
settlements, roads, fortifications, or even battle fields. You will use
archaeological site inventories and environmental data sets such as
digital elevation models and palaeogeographical reconstructions, and
learn how to apply viewshed analysis and statistical analysis.
4) Archaeology from a distance: detecting archaeological sites and
landscapes through LiDAR and remote sensing.
In this assignment you will learn how to use digital elevation models
and satellite imagery to detect archaeological sites and landscapes. You
will learn how to apply different visualization techniques in GIS, and
learn how to arrive at a good quality of visual interpretation of the
images.
5) From sherds to sites: quantifying archaeological field survey.
In this assignment you will learn how to process and analyse the results
of field survey on the basis of surface finds and environmental data
sets such as digital elevation models, soil maps and palaeogeographical
reconstructions. You will learn how to use GIS and statistics for
analysis of the field survey data, and for visualization of the
distribution of finds and their reliability.

Onderwijsvorm

1) Online lectures
The following lectures are made available through Canvas:
1. Theory and application of GIS in archaeology
2. Technical backgrounds of GIS
3. Lectures on the 5 assignment themes
Students are supposed to spend approx. 1/6 of their time on following
online lectures and reading literature.

2) Introduction to ArcGIS

This will be made available through Canvas. Students will receive an
educational ArcGIS license for the GIS work. Students are supposed to
spend approx. 1/6 of their time on this introductory course. Depending
on previous experience with GIS, this may take more or less time.
Additional instruction videos will be made available to cover crucial
technical aspects of working with related software.

3) Self-paced assignment

Depending on the student’s interests, one assignment should be selected
from the available 5 themes. Students are supposed to spend approx. 2/3
of their time (two weeks full-time) on the assignment. Teachers will be
available by appointment and via e-mail to provide instruction and
guidance.

Toetsvorm

Assessment will be through assessment of the ArcGIS introductory course,
and through a written report of the selected assignment.

Introductory ArcGIS course
After completion of course 30%
Self-paced assignment
After completion of assignment 70%

In order to pass the tutorial, students should have a grade of at least
6.0 for their assignment report. Final grades should be > 5.5.

Vereiste voorkennis

BA Archaeology

Literatuur

Will be made available through Canvas.

Doelgroep

MA Archaeology students

Afwijkende intekenprocedure

This is an elective module offered in the ACASA MA Archaeology. UvA students will have to enroll at VU in order to participate.

Algemene informatie

Vakcode L_BEMAALG001
Studiepunten 6 EC
Periode P3
Vakniveau 400
Onderwijstaal Engels
Faculteit Faculteit der Geesteswetenschappen
Vakcoördinator dr. J.W.H.P. Verhagen
Examinator dr. J.W.H.P. Verhagen
Docenten dr. J.W.H.P. Verhagen
J. Waagen

Praktische informatie

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