Concepts in HMS

2018-2019
Dit vak wordt in het Engels aangeboden. Omschrijvingen kunnen daardoor mogelijk alleen in het Engels worden weergegeven.

Doel vak

The student is able to report the key behavioral concepts in
contemporary HMS, to apply these concepts in describing research
outcomes, and to judge the (dis)advantages of using a particular concept
in a particular situation. The student knows the mechanical concepts
that apply to control of joint position and movement, in particular
equilibrium, stability, robustness, performance, and observability. The
student understands these concepts and can explain how they are related
to clinical problems and to motor control in patients with joint
disorders. The student knows the physiological concepts of exercise
intensity and workload in sports and clinical research and training, in
particular, (sub-) maximal force/power generation, (sub)maximal energy
expenditure, anaerobic threshold and critical power. The student
understands these concepts and can explain how they are related to
sports and rehabilitation research and practice.

Inhoud vak

In this course, the students are acquainted with biophysical and
behavioural concepts that underlie current debates in HMS. One part of
this course deals with behavioural concepts of HMS.
Human movement is a complex behavior. To interpret this complex
behavior, the scientific literature uses concepts that are rather
complex themselves. Examples of such concepts are information,
stability, synergy, internal representation and motor programs. In this
course, questions such as "What do these concepts mean exactly?" and
"How do these concepts help us to understand the behavior we observe?"
will be addressed. A second part of the course deals with biomechanical
concepts in particular with (in-)stability of joints and joint movement.
Instability is often used in the clinical setting to describe the state
of the joint after injury or in degenerative disorders. The term is
often poorly defined, which leads to confusion in the communication
between disciplines, e.g. between physiotherapists and orthopedic
surgeons. Mechanics and control theory provide a rigorous framework for
describing joint function. The relevance of this conceptual framework
for the clinical context and the implications for diagnosis and
treatment will be discussed. A third part of the course deals with
physiological concepts in particular with the use of exercise intensity
and relative workload. Relative workload is often used to induce similar
loading of persons in sports and clinical studies, either to measure
endurance or to induce a certain training stimulus. Relative workloads
as percentage of maximal force/power or energy utilization (oxygen
uptake) are used in various circumstances. While the choice for a given
variable is essential for the result, it will be discussed whether the
proper variables are chosen for the specific goals.

Onderwijsvorm

45 contact hours, divided in:
Lectures 21 * 2 hours
Exam 3 hours
115 hours self study
The course consists of 3 series of 7 lectures dealing with
biomechanical, physiological, and behavioural concepts respectively. In
the first lecture of each series a general introduction will be given.
In subsequent lectures, the formal concepts will be introduced and
explained and related to the applications in sports and health. In the
7th lecture of each series, questions by the students will be discussed.

Toetsvorm

Written test with open-ended questions, with equally weighted questions
on the 3 parts of the course content.

Vereiste voorkennis

The student should have a basic knowledge and understanding of the human
musculoskeletal anatomy as described for example in Human Anatomy. EN
Marieb, J. Mallatt, Benjamin Cummings, 3rd edition, ISBN: 0-8053-5335-6,
chapters 1.1-1.16; 4.88-4.102; 4.99-4.102; 9.212-9.239;
10.244-10.253;11.266-11.270.

The student should have a basic knowledge and understanding of
biomechanics as described for example in: Fundamentals of Biomechanics.
Equilibrium, Motion and Deformation. M. Nordin and N. Ozkaya; Human
Kinetics, ISBN 0387982833, chapters 1-5.

The student should have a basic knowledge and understanding of exercise
and muscle physiology as described in for example W.D. McArdle, F.I.
Katch, V.L. Katch: Exercise Physiology: energy, nutrition & human
performance, 7th edition (2010) Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, ISBN
1608318591, chapters 7-11, 15-17, 21.

Literatuur

Research articles, review papers and a syllabus will be made available
at the start of the course.

Algemene informatie

Vakcode B_CONCEPTS
Studiepunten 6 EC
Periode P1
Vakniveau 500
Onderwijstaal Engels
Faculteit Fac. der Gedrags- en Bewegingswetensch.
Vakcoördinator prof. dr. T.W.J. Janssen
Examinator prof. dr. T.W.J. Janssen
Docenten prof. dr. T.W.J. Janssen
dr. C.E. Peper
prof. dr. J.H. van Dieen

Praktische informatie

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