Orogenesis

2019-2020
Dit vak wordt in het Engels aangeboden. Omschrijvingen kunnen daardoor mogelijk alleen in het Engels worden weergegeven.

Doel vak

Students attending this course will gain knowledge and understanding
about mountain building processes (subduction, accretion, collision),
their consequences (metamorphism, syn- orogenic magmatism, and
sedimentary basin formation, etc. ), and the methods constraining those
processes such as microscopic analysis, thermochronology or numerical
modelling.
Mutual relationships and feed- back relations of orogenic processes in
space and time are illustrated for different segments of orogens ranging
from the external to the core zones.
Furthermore, students will develop skills (1) to analyse, compare and
explain distinct features of orogenic structures, (2) to apply numerical
modelling as a tool to tackle orogenic processes quantitatively, and to
(3) critically assess and discuss relevant literature as well as
numerical modelling results.

Inhoud vak

Key aspects of mountain building are discussed in the context of natural
examples like the Alpine mountain chain in Europe and in across-
disciplinary manner.
Specific topics are:
- The anatomy, tectonic development, and thermal evolution of convergent
continental margins, subduction and continental collision zones;
- Deformation, metamorphism and magmatism in axial zones;
- PTt- paths: observation, interpretation and numerical modeling;
- The interaction between orogens and sedimentary basins in internal and
external zones of orogens;
- The late stage evolution of orogens: modes of syn- orogenic extension,
orogenic collapse, and exhumation mechanisms;
- Real-world examples; European Alps, Andes, Himalaya.

The skills to use the acquired knowledge will be obtained using a case
study of one orogen (from microscopic observation to the techniques
required to constrain the T- t histories of various domains).

Onderwijsvorm

tuition Lectures (9 * 3 u 45 min), computer practical (4 * 3 hrs 45min),
assignments /self-study (12 * 3 hrs)

Toetsvorm

Exam (50%), Reports (20%), Essay – presentation – poster (20%)

Vereiste voorkennis

BSc Geology

Literatuur

The course will be based on chapters from:
- "Geodynamics of the Lithosphere", 2nd ed. Kurt Stüwe, Springer 2007.
- "An introduction to igneous and metamorphic petrology", 2nd ed.,
Winter, Prentice Hall 2010. (available through GeoVUsie)
- Global Tectonics, 3rd ed., P. Kearey and F. Vine, Blackwell 2008.
- Orogenesis, 1st edition, M.R.W. Johnson, S.L. Harley, Cambridge 2012.

Selection literature for individual essay and presentation projects to
be announced on Canvas.

Doelgroep

1st year MSc Earth Science Solid Earths

Aanbevolen voorkennis

Petrology, structural geology, tectonics courses at the BSc level.

Algemene informatie

Vakcode AM_450190
Studiepunten 6 EC
Periode P2
Vakniveau 400
Onderwijstaal Engels
Faculteit Faculteit der Bètawetenschappen
Vakcoördinator prof. dr. J.R. Wijbrans
Examinator prof. dr. J.R. Wijbrans
Docenten prof. dr. J.R. Wijbrans
dr. F.M. Brouwer
prof. dr. W.P. Schellart

Praktische informatie

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Werkvormen Werkcollege, Onderwijs, Computerpracticum
Doelgroepen

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